Extra Coordinate Systems, 'Geoms', Statistical Transformations, Scales and Fonts for 'ggplot2'
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#' Connect control points/observations with an X-spline
#'
#' Draw an X-spline, a curve drawn relative to control points/observations.
#' Patterned after \code{geom_line} in that it orders the points by \code{x}
#' first before computing the splines.
#'
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#' \if{html}{
#' A sample of the output from \code{geom_xspline()}:
#'
#' \figure{geomxspline01.png}{options: width="100\%" alt="Figure: geomxspline01.png"}
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#' }
#'
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#' \if{latex}{
#' A sample of the output from \code{geom_xspline()}:
#'
#' \figure{geomxspline01.png}{options: width=10cm}
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#' }
#'
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#' @section Aesthetics:
#' \code{geom_xspline} understands the following aesthetics (required aesthetics
#' are in bold):
#' \itemize{
#' \item \strong{\code{x}}
#' \item \strong{\code{y}}
#' \item \code{alpha}
#' \item \code{color}
#' \item \code{linetype}
#' \item \code{size}
#' }
#'
#' @seealso
#' \code{\link[ggplot2]{geom_line}}: Connect observations (x order);
#' \code{\link[ggplot2]{geom_path}}: Connect observations;
#' \code{\link[ggplot2]{geom_polygon}}: Filled paths (polygons);
#' \code{\link[ggplot2]{geom_segment}}: Line segments;
#' \code{\link[graphics]{xspline}};
#' \code{\link[grid]{grid.xspline}}
#'
#' @details
#' An X-spline is a line drawn relative to control points. For each control
#' point, the line may pass through (interpolate) the control point or it may
#' only approach (approximate) the control point; the behaviour is determined
#' by a shape parameter for each control point.
#'
#' If the shape parameter is greater than zero, the spline approximates the
#' control points (and is very similar to a cubic B-spline when the shape is
#' 1). If the shape parameter is less than zero, the spline interpolates the
#' control points (and is very similar to a Catmull-Rom spline when the shape
#' is -1). If the shape parameter is 0, the spline forms a sharp corner at that
#' control point.
#'
#' For open X-splines, the start and end control points must have a shape of
#' 0 (and non-zero values are silently converted to zero).
#'
#' For open X-splines, by default the start and end control points are
#' replicated before the curve is drawn. A curve is drawn between (interpolating
#' or approximating) the second and third of each set of four control points,
#' so this default behaviour ensures that the resulting curve starts at the
#' first control point you have specified and ends at the last control point.
#' The default behaviour can be turned off via the repEnds argument.
#'
#' @inheritParams ggplot2::geom_line
#' @param geom,stat Use to override the default connection between
#' \code{geom_xspline} and \code{stat_xspline}.
#' @param spline_shape A numeric vector of values between -1 and 1, which
#' control the shape of the spline relative to the control points.
#' @param open A logical value indicating whether the spline is an open or a
#' closed shape.
#' @param rep_ends For open X-splines, a logical value indicating whether the
#' first and last control points should be replicated for drawing the
#' curve. Ignored for closed X-splines.
#' @references Blanc, C. and Schlick, C. (1995), "X-splines : A Spline Model
#' Designed for the End User", in \emph{Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 95},
#' pp. 377-386. \url{http://dept-info.labri.fr/~schlick/DOC/sig1.html}
#' @export
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#' @family xspline implementations
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#' @examples
#' set.seed(1492)
#' dat <- data.frame(x=c(1:10, 1:10, 1:10),
#' y=c(sample(15:30, 10), 2*sample(15:30, 10),
#' 3*sample(15:30, 10)),
#' group=factor(c(rep(1, 10), rep(2, 10), rep(3, 10)))
#' )
#'
#' ggplot(dat, aes(x, y, group=group, color=group)) +
#' geom_point() +
#' geom_line()
#'
#' ggplot(dat, aes(x, y, group=group, color=factor(group))) +
#' geom_point() +
#' geom_line() +
#' geom_smooth(se=FALSE, linetype="dashed", size=0.5)
#'
#' ggplot(dat, aes(x, y, group=group, color=factor(group))) +
#' geom_point(color="black") +
#' geom_smooth(se=FALSE, linetype="dashed", size=0.5) +
#' geom_xspline(size=0.5)
#'
#' ggplot(dat, aes(x, y, group=group, color=factor(group))) +
#' geom_point(color="black") +
#' geom_smooth(se=FALSE, linetype="dashed", size=0.5) +
#' geom_xspline(spline_shape=-0.4, size=0.5)
#'
#' ggplot(dat, aes(x, y, group=group, color=factor(group))) +
#' geom_point(color="black") +
#' geom_smooth(se=FALSE, linetype="dashed", size=0.5) +
#' geom_xspline(spline_shape=0.4, size=0.5)
#'
#' ggplot(dat, aes(x, y, group=group, color=factor(group))) +
#' geom_point(color="black") +
#' geom_smooth(se=FALSE, linetype="dashed", size=0.5) +
#' geom_xspline(spline_shape=1, size=0.5)
#'
#' ggplot(dat, aes(x, y, group=group, color=factor(group))) +
#' geom_point(color="black") +
#' geom_smooth(se=FALSE, linetype="dashed", size=0.5) +
#' geom_xspline(spline_shape=0, size=0.5)
#'
#' ggplot(dat, aes(x, y, group=group, color=factor(group))) +
#' geom_point(color="black") +
#' geom_smooth(se=FALSE, linetype="dashed", size=0.5) +
#' geom_xspline(spline_shape=-1, size=0.5)
geom_xspline <- function(mapping = NULL, data = NULL, stat = "xspline",
position = "identity", na.rm = TRUE, show.legend = NA,
inherit.aes = TRUE,
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spline_shape=-0.25, open=TRUE, rep_ends=TRUE, ...) {
layer(
geom = GeomXspline,
mapping = mapping,
data = data,
stat = stat,
position = position,
show.legend = show.legend,
inherit.aes = inherit.aes,
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params = list(
spline_shape = spline_shape,
open = open,
na.rm = na.rm,
rep_ends = rep_ends,
...
)
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)
}
#' Geom Proto
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#' @rdname ggalt-ggproto
#' @format NULL
#' @usage NULL
#' @keywords internal
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#' @export
GeomXspline <- ggproto("GeomXspline", GeomLine,
required_aes = c("x", "y"),
default_aes = aes(colour = "black", size = 0.5, linetype = 1, alpha = NA)
)
#' @export
#' @rdname geom_xspline
#' @section Computed variables:
#' \itemize{
#' \item{x}
#' \item{y}
#' }
stat_xspline <- function(mapping = NULL, data = NULL, geom = "line",
position = "identity", na.rm = TRUE, show.legend = NA, inherit.aes = TRUE,
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spline_shape=-0.25, open=TRUE, rep_ends=TRUE, ...) {
layer(
stat = StatXspline,
data = data,
mapping = mapping,
geom = geom,
position = position,
show.legend = show.legend,
inherit.aes = inherit.aes,
params = list(spline_shape=spline_shape,
open=open,
na.rm = na.rm,
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rep_ends=rep_ends,
...
)
)
}
#' @rdname ggalt-ggproto
#' @format NULL
#' @usage NULL
#' @export
StatXspline <- ggproto("StatXspline", Stat,
required_aes = c("x", "y"),
compute_group = function(self, data, scales, params,
spline_shape=-0.25, open=TRUE, rep_ends=TRUE) {
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tf <- tempfile(fileext=".png")
png(tf)
plot.new()
tmp <- xspline(data$x, data$y, spline_shape, open, rep_ends, draw=FALSE, NA, NA)
invisible(dev.off())
unlink(tf)
data.frame(x=tmp$x, y=tmp$y)
}
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)