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# wand
Lightweight File ‘MIME’ Type Detection Based On Contents or Extension
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## Description
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‘MIME’ types are shorthand descriptors for file contents and can be
determined from “magic” bytes in file headers, file contents or intuited
from file extensions. Tools are provided to perform curated “magic”
tests as well as mapping ‘MIME’ types from a database of over 1,500
extension mappings.
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## SOME IMPORTANT DETAILS
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The header checking is minimal (i.e. nowhere near as comprehensive as
`libmagic`) but covers quite a bit of ground. If there are content-check
types from [`magic
sources`](https://github.com/threatstack/libmagic/tree/master/magic/)
that you would like coded into the package, please file an issue and
*include the full line(s)* from that linked `magic.tab` that you would
like mapped.
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## What’s Inside The Tin
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- `get_content_type`: Discover MIME type of a file based on contents
- `guess_content_type`: Guess MIME type from filename (extension)
- `simplemagic_mime_db`: File extension-to-MIME mapping data frame
The following functions are implemented:
## Installation
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``` r
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install.packages("wand", repos = "https://cinc.rud.is")
# or
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remotes::install_git("https://git.rud.is/hrbrmstr/wand.git")
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# or
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remotes::install_git("https://git.sr.ht/~hrbrmstr/wand")
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# or
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remotes::install_gitlab("hrbrmstr/wand")
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# or
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remotes::install_bitbucket("hrbrmstr/wand")
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# or
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remotes::install_github("hrbrmstr/wand")
```
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NOTE: To use the ‘remotes’ install options you will need to have the
[{remotes} package](https://github.com/r-lib/remotes) installed.
## Usage
``` r
library(wand)
library(tidyverse)
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# current verison
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packageVersion("wand")
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## [1] '0.5.0'
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```
``` r
list.files(system.file("extdat", package="wand"), full.names=TRUE) %>%
map_df(~{
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tibble(
fil = basename(.x),
mime = list(get_content_type(.x))
)
}) %>%
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unnest()
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```
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<div class="kable-table">
| fil | mime |
| :---------------------------- | :------------------------------------------------------------------------ |
| actions.csv | application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet |
| actions.txt | application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet |
| actions.xlsx | application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet |
| test\_128\_44\_jstereo.mp3 | audio/mp3 |
| test\_excel\_2000.xls | application/msword |
| test\_excel\_spreadsheet.xml | application/xml |
| test\_excel\_web\_archive.mht | message/rfc822 |
| test\_excel.xlsm | application/zip |
| test\_excel.xlsx | application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet |
| test\_nocompress.tif | image/tiff |
| test\_powerpoint.pptm | application/zip |
| test\_powerpoint.pptx | application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation |
| test\_word\_2000.doc | application/msword |
| test\_word\_6.0\_95.doc | application/msword |
| test\_word.docm | application/zip |
| test\_word.docx | application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document |
| test.au | audio/basic |
| test.bin | application/mac-binary |
| test.bin | application/macbinary |
| test.bin | application/octet-stream |
| test.bin | application/x-binary |
| test.bin | application/x-macbinary |
| test.bmp | image/bmp |
| test.dtd | application/xml-dtd |
| test.emf | application/x-msmetafile |
| test.eps | application/postscript |
| test.fli | video/flc |
| test.fli | video/fli |
| test.fli | video/x-fli |
| test.gif | image/gif |
| test.ico | image/x-icon |
| test.jpg | image/jpeg |
| test.mp3 | audio/mp3 |
| test.odt | application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text |
| test.ogg | application/ogg |
| test.ogg | audio/ogg |
| test.pcx | image/pcx |
| test.pcx | image/x-pcx |
| test.pdf | application/pdf |
| test.pl | text/plain |
| test.pl | text/x-perl |
| test.pl | text/x-script.perl |
| test.png | image/png |
| test.pnm | application/x-portable-anymap |
| test.pnm | image/x-portable-anymap |
| test.ppm | image/x-portable-pixmap |
| test.ppt | application/msword |
| test.ps | application/postscript |
| test.psd | image/photoshop |
| test.py | text/x-python |
| test.py | text/x-script.phyton |
| test.rtf | application/rtf |
| test.rtf | application/x-rtf |
| test.rtf | text/richtext |
| test.rtf | text/rtf |
| test.sh | application/x-bsh |
| test.sh | application/x-sh |
| test.sh | application/x-shar |
| test.sh | text/x-script.sh |
| test.sh | text/x-sh |
| test.tar | application/tar |
| test.tar.gz | application/octet-stream |
| test.tar.gz | application/x-compressed |
| test.tar.gz | application/x-gzip |
| test.tga | image/x-tga |
| test.txt | text/plain |
| test.txt.gz | application/octet-stream |
| test.txt.gz | application/x-compressed |
| test.txt.gz | application/x-gzip |
| test.wav | audio/x-wav |
| test.wmf | application/x-msmetafile |
| test.wmf | windows/metafile |
| test.xcf | application/x-xcf |
| test.xml | application/xml |
| test.xpm | image/x-xbitmap |
| test.xpm | image/x-xpixmap |
| test.xpm | image/xpm |
| test.zip | application/zip |
</div>
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## cloc Metrics
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| Lang | \# Files | (%) | LoC | (%) | Blank lines | (%) | \# Lines | (%) |
| :--- | -------: | ---: | --: | ---: | ----------: | ---: | -------: | ---: |
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| R | 7 | 0.78 | 949 | 0.91 | 52 | 0.72 | 62 | 0.65 |
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| JSON | 1 | 0.11 | 80 | 0.08 | 0 | 0.00 | 0 | 0.00 |
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| Rmd | 1 | 0.11 | 16 | 0.02 | 20 | 0.28 | 34 | 0.35 |
## Code of Conduct
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Please note that this project is released with a Contributor Code of
Conduct. By participating in this project you agree to abide by its
terms.